Essentials Of Pathophysiology

Title of Assignment:   Asthma Case Study

Purpose ofAssignment:

This assignment will help the student evaluate of arespiratory disorder, which, if untreated, can be a serious condition. Studentsneed to understand respiratory complications and how it can impact ventilationand respiration is important to the study for maintaining homeostasis in thebody.

Course Competency(s):

        Evaluate pathophysiologic alterations thataffect the neurologic and respiratory systems.


Essentials Of Pathophysiology

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J.S. is a 42-year-old manwho lives in the Midwest and is highly allergic to dust and pollen and has ahistory of mild asthma. J.Ss wife drove him to the emergency room when hiswheezing was unresponsive to his fluticasone/salmeterol (Advair) inhaler. J.S.was unable to lie down, and began to use accessory muscles to breathe. J.S. isimmediately started on 4 L oxygen by nasal cannula and intravenous (IV) D5W at75 mL/hr. A set of arterial blood gases is sent to the laboratory. J.S. appearsanxious and says that he is short of breath.

Vital signs

BP = 152/84                        HR = 124 bpm                    RR = 42                 Temp= 100.40F


pH = 7.31                             PaCO2 =48                          HCO3= 26            PaO2 = 55


Investigate the pathophysiology of asthma and the clinicalmanifestations of the disease. Analyze the case study provided and determinewhat symptoms support the diagnosis of asthma. Identify the treatment providedin the emergency department and determine what additional therapies are neededto mitigate the asthma symptoms and return the client to wellness.

1.      Do you have any concernswith the numbers above?

2.      Identify what may becausing (etiology) J.S. to have an exacerbation of asthma.


Prepare a 3-5 page paperoutlining the causes of asthma, the symptoms that the client presents and themanagement of the disorder. Use at least one scholarly source to supportyour findings. Examples of scholarly sources include academic journals,textbooks, reference texts, and CINAHL nursing guides.  Be sure to cite your sources in-text and on aReferences page using APA format.


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