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Reflection exercise (deontology): What is the difference between obeying a law or rule you give to yourself versus one that is given to you by an external authority (a parent, a romantic partner, a business you work for, a government)? Would you rather obey your own law or that of an external authority? Are there certain authorities whose laws you would not respect/obey? If your own law for yourself conflicted with that of an external authority, which law would take precedent for you? Your own, or that of the authority? If there was a severe penalty for disobeying the authority, would that change your answer? If there was no consequence for disobeying the authority, would that change your answer?

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For more inspiration on this topic, please see below from Immanuel Kant's essay "An Answer to the Question: What Is Enlightenment?"
Enlightenment is man's leaving his self-caused immaturity. Immaturity is the incapacity to use one's intelligence without the guidance of another. Such immaturity is self-caused if it is not caused by lack of intelligence, but by lack of determination and courage to use one's intelligence without being guided by another. Sapere Aude! [Dare to know!] Have the courage to use your own reason is therefore the motto of the enlightenment.
Through laziness and cowardice a large part of mankind, even after nature has freed them from external guidance, gladly remain immature. It is because of laziness and cowardice that it is so easy for others to usurp the role of guardians. It is so comfortable to be a minor! If I have a book which provides meaning for me, a pastor who has conscience for me, a doctor who will judge my diet for me and so on, then I do not need to exert myself. I do not have any need to think; if I can pay, others will take over the tedious job for me. The guardians who have kindly undertaken the supervision will see to it that by far the largest part of mankind, including the entire "beautiful sex," should consider the step into maturity, not only as difficult but as very dangerous.
After having made their domestic animals dumb and having carefully prevented these quiet creatures from daring to take any step beyond the lead-strings to which they have fastened them, these guardians then show them the danger which threatens them, should they attempt to walk alone. Now this danger is not really so very great; for they would presumably learn to walk after some stumbling. However, an example of this kind intimidates and frightens people out of all further attempts.


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